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Future (Be going to) 4

IV. Forming Questions and Negatives in 'Be Going To'

Effectively using the ‘be going to’ construction includes the ability to form questions and negatives. This capability is essential for diverse and nuanced communication about future plans and predictions.


Forming Questions with ‘Be Going To’

Questions in the ‘be going to’ construction are formed by reversing the order of the subject and the form of the verb ‘to be’ (am/is/are). This structure is used to inquire about future plans or expectations based on current evidence.



Are you going to attend the concert next week?

Is she going to participate in the marathon?

Are they going to start a new project soon?

These questions are particularly useful in scenarios where the speaker seeks confirmation or information about future actions or plans.


Yes/No Questions and Wh-Questions

For yes/no questions, the structure remains straightforward. For more detailed inquiries, ‘wh-‘ question words (what, when, where, why, who, how) can precede the ‘be going to’ construction.



What are you going to do this weekend?

How is he going to solve the problem?

Where are they going to travel next year?


Forming Negative Sentences

Negative sentences in the ‘be going to’ construction are formed by adding ‘not’ after the form of ‘be’. The contracted forms (‘isn’t’, ‘aren’t’) are often used in spoken and informal English.



I am not going to stay up late tonight.

She isn’t going to buy that car.

They aren’t going to move to a new city.


Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Misplacing ‘Not’: Ensure that ‘not’ is placed correctly after the form of ‘be’ and before ‘going to’.

Incorrect: I not am going to finish the project.

Correct: I am not going to finish the project.


Verb Form: Remember to use the base form of the verb after ‘going to’. A common error is using the -ing or past form of the verb.



Mastering the formation of questions and negatives using the ‘be going to’ construction is essential for expressing inquiries and negations regarding future plans and expectations. Understanding these structures enriches your ability to discuss and negotiate future scenarios with clarity and precision in English.

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(Future: Be Going To) 4

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